Working for a Living
By Michael Koresky
Dir. Nanni Moretti, Italy, Music Box Films
Just as thereâ€™s no one correct way to grieve the loss of a loved one, thereâ€™s no right or wrong way to make a movie about death. There has been a particular wealth of films from around the world that deal directly with the loss of a parent over the past year, and each of them has taken a distinct approach: as a work of poetic meditation (Laurie Andersonâ€™s Heart of a Dog) or of emotional abstraction (Chantal Akermanâ€™s No Home Movie); in one case the death leads to liberation (Terence Daviesâ€™s Sunset Song), in another it represents a larger socio-historical loss (Jia Zhangkeâ€™s Mountains May Depart). In many ways, these are all more aesthetically rigorous, daring films than Nanni Morettiâ€™s Mia madre, which risks being the least appreciated of these by virtue of its relatively anodyne nature. Visually or thematically, it has no intention to disrupt its audiences or get them to question their own notions about death and mourning. Nor does it need to: Morettiâ€™s film is no less personal for being straightforward in its aims, sketching a fleet portrait of the difficulties of balancing personal challenges and professional goals.
Mia madre modestly aims for sensitivity and, despite its personal and specific milieuâ€”the world of high-budgeted Italian filmmakingâ€”universal relatability. It also has a smart and generous casting stroke: though itâ€™s fueled by writer-director Morettiâ€™s own experiences tending to his mother in her final months, he gives the film a distaff twist. The central role of the harried filmmaker and divorced mother in Rome, torn between hospital visits and on-set trials, is played by middle-aged actress Margherita Buy. Inhabiting Morettiâ€™s surrogate role with barely composed apprehension, Buy is a complex screen presence, at one moment warm, the next hostile, firmly in command yet self-doubting. Moretti cedes the floor to Buy, whose character is also named Margherita; in turn, Moretti appears in a supporting part as Margheritaâ€™s caring brother, seen mostly bedside in his motherâ€™s hospital room. This both makes more palatable what might have been an overly metacinematic, even self-regarding portrayal of professional crisis and allows for more nuance in his main performer than he himself was able to give in films like Caro Diario and The Sonâ€™s Room.
Further marginalizing his on-screen presence, Moretti offers a buoyant and brash John Turturro in a showy secondary role as an American movie star who proves to be the source of most of Margheritaâ€™s filming headaches. Given the aptly irritating name Barry Huggins, Turturroâ€™s character, cast as an Italian factory owner stomping on a union strike, instantly hits on the director while half-dozing in the back of her car after she picks him up from his transatlantic flight (this immediately after he claims to have been dreaming that Kevin Spacey was trying to kill him). With his grandiose personality, erratic behavior, and clumsiness with the Italian language, Barry is the last thing Margherita needs at a moment when her off-set life is in shambles. Not only is her motherâ€™s health failingâ€”she has contracted pneumonia after a bad fall, and her heart has enlargedâ€”but she has also recently broken up with her boyfriend. Barry, with his significantly embellished anecdotes about working with Stanley Kubrick, his diva tantrums (sometimes real, sometimes playful, always jarring), and his loudly proclaimed actorsâ€™ neuroses, is the looming, unleashed manifestation of Margheritaâ€™s anxieties.
Providing a necessary, soft contrast to this wrecking ball of a man is Ada, the sick, but still glowing and cherubic mother. As played by veteran actor Giulia Lazzarini, sheâ€™s a bit idealized, perhaps, for a character meant to elicit so much regret and agony in her grown daughter, but thereâ€™s something touching about Moretti allowing us to see right through to her inherent goodness. Like the directorâ€™s mother, Agata Apicella Moretti, who died in 2010, Ada is a Latin teacher and a renowned Classics scholar, qualities that are poignantly exploited in moments during which Ada tries to keep tutoring Margheritaâ€™s teenage daughter, Livia, in high school Latin. Scenes with the lovely, seemingly flawless Ada are so repeatedly used as buffers between Margheritaâ€™s behind-the-scenes explosions with Barry that the film threatens to become rather schematic: at one point, Turturro, with expected flair and volume, tantrums and threatens to leave the film, screaming that itâ€™s time for him to go â€śback to reality!â€ť After a sharp cut, weâ€™re in the hospital, this fictional worldâ€™s idea of reality. Yet Moretti, as usual, is so gentle in his self-referential approach that his films rarely seem aggressive or overburdened by structural conceits.
Turturro takes up a lot of space, physically and emotionally, in Mia madre, but Buy is always the focal point; even in the American actorâ€™s big scenes, the camera makes sure weâ€™re watching her. Buy is magneticâ€”a subtly expressive and wonderfully reactive actor whether her character is adjusting to her motherâ€™s latest prognosis or responding to some of her cast membersâ€™ concerns regarding her vague directives about the importance of detaching themselves from their roles (â€śThe actor must be next to the character,â€ť she repeatedly, unhelpfully suggests, in what feels like an admittance by Moretti that perhaps he has not always clearly communicated his thoughts on-set). If the film occasionally makes it impossible for Buy to not over-emote, such as during a particularly untimely flood in her apartment or a histrionic flashback in which she purposely smashes her motherâ€™s car into the side of a building out of frustration, she disallows her character from becoming either martyr or monster. Itâ€™s fascinating that Moretti has made the character he plays in the film, despite his patient selflessnessâ€”he takes risky extended leave to take care of his motherâ€”so much less central to his film, and therefore less clearly autobiographical. By identifying with Buyâ€™s director, and thus making us do so, he reveals a profound generosity of spirit. Itâ€™s a movie about death that feels imbued with vivid life.